Wednesday, March 1, 2023

JAMA Introduces Policy on Use of AI in Writing; AI Chatbot Describes Editor's Position

In the February 28, 2022, issue, JAMA publishes a new policy regarding use of AI in writing publications for submission.

In a half-second, ChatGPT provides a automated 200-word summary of the 1500-page article.

The use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to help authors with writing, grammar, language, references, statistical analysis, and reporting standards is increasing. OpenAI has released an open-source natural language processing tool called ChatGPT that is designed to simulate human conversation. ChatGPT has potential uses in many fields, but there are concerns about potential misuse, such as using it to cheat on homework assignments, write student essays, and take examinations. Nature has defined a policy to guide the use of large-scale language models in scientific publication that prohibits naming such tools as a credited author on a research paper.

Other journals and organizations are also developing policies to ban the inclusion of AI-generated text in submitted work or require full transparency, responsibility, and accountability for how such tools are used and reported in scholarly publications. 

The JAMA Network has updated its Instructions for Authors to provide guidance and criteria for authorship credit and accountability, stating that nonhuman artificial intelligence, language models, machine learning, or similar technologies do not qualify for authorship, but authors must take responsibility for the integrity of the content generated by these tools if they are used to create content or assist with writing or manuscript preparation.