Monday, December 30, 2019

Health Affairs: Twin Articles On Truly Reforming and Rebooting US Coverage & Reimbursement; And A Few Other Updates

Here, I highlight very recent twin blogs in Health Affairs about reimbursement policy reform -- followed by links to a flurry of new articles (and a book) at NYT, WaPo, on perceived excessive health care pricing.


A few days ago, I had a short blog highlighting a new December 2019 Health Affairs article by Oxford's Kushal Kadakia on reforming CMS reimbursement methods and policies (blog here, article here). 

It turns out that Health Affairs actually published twin articles, both on December 18, on the theme of seriously rebooting and redesigning reimbursement, at CMS and elsewhere in the US health system.

  • The first blog, by Kushal Kadakia, takes its launching point from the October 2019 Trump executive order directed mostly at CMS, for example, asking CMS to reform its parallel review process and define "reasonable and necessary."  
    • Kadakia blog article here, Trump executive order entry point here.
    • Kadakia was part of a 2017 review article by Mark McClellan and others on value based purchasing , spent Summer 2019 at CMS, and is now on a fellowship at Oxford.
    • This article basically walks through key points of the E.O. and amplifies it by suggesting ways CMS could actually implement the updates and changes.

  • The second blog is by an all-star cast of Mark McClellan, Morgan Romine, Jeff Allen, Tanisha Carino, and Scott Gottlieb.  
    • Blog article here.
    • This article highlights the advances in FDA approval processes and resources initiated in 2017 by 21st Century Cures Act, and then states that no similar deep-dive reboot has occurred at CMS (or the rest of the US reimbursement.)  They find flaws in all the major components - coverage, coding, payment, clarity.
    • See also a December 2019 request for information from the Hill, asking healthcare stakeholders how US reimbursement might be improved.  Here.  Many of the questions in the RFI focused on reimbursed and would use the input  to design a new  Cures 2.0 bill for 2020.
    • Can CMS Fast-Follow FDA's Lead on Communications?  I'd add communications as a fundamental problem.  See a December 2019 article by Peter Pitts about FDA's attempts to improve its two-way communications with industry here.   That could also be a model for adaptation with payers.   
    • See the website on the FDA's all-day November 7 meeting between FDA and stakeholders about how FDA could improve its communications: here.  Webpage includes video and 20 PDF presentations.  
      • I've put all the agenda, presentations, and unofficial transcript in one 10mb cloud zip file here.
      • Why not:  CMS could have similar full day town hall some day about how it could improve processes for NCDs and LCDs.
    • In the same vein, FDA published a very good new draft guidance in December on what it considers good trial design for evidence evaluation; entry point here.

Pricing Always In The News

There's almost always something monthly, if not weekly, news about US pricing.   The New York Times' Margot Singer-Katz had a long lead article on perceived excesses of US pricing on December 27, 2019 - here.   

Although not brand new, the Washington Post online was highlighting, as part of 2019's year-in-review, an August 2019 article by Eli Saslow about long lines of poor citizens shuffling into courtrooms being sued by their local hospitals, for example, after two-hour $8000 emergency room stopovers.  Here.  (In fairness to the rural hospitals, Saslow notes many are teetering on the edge of bankruptcy themselves, just like their patients.)   NPR and others reported how a woman saw her doctor for a head cold and ended up with $20,000 of marked-up out of network shotgun testing virology bills (here) - many of which her insurer paid.

And there's usually something new every week or two regarding surprise billing legislation on the Hill; see a flurry of letters form House Energy & Commerce to the major national insurers released on December 18, here

Meanwhile, 360Dx  had a (subscription) article by Adam Bonislawski, discussing surprise billing laws at the state level and impacts on labs, here.  Citing in part Erin Duffy's work on health pricing policy at USC.

 Health Prices: The Late Uwe Reinhardt's Last Book

Since I first heard of his work doing a healthcare MBA in 2000, I've tracked Princeton health economist Uwe Reinhardt, whom I  heard speak once at a conference.   He died unexpectedly of sepsis at age 80 in November 2019.   

He was based known for the argument that US healthcare doesn't so much use any more resources than other countries, but simply has higher pricing (2003 here, and 2019 update here.)

Second to that, we also have much higher administrative costs (see NYT December 31 on docs and nurses buried in paperwork, or actually e-work).

In brief, this past week I learned that Reinhardt left a completed book on US health policy and economics, which appeared in May 2019.  Here ("Priced Out;" hardcover, ebook, or audiobook).  Reviews herehere.  Videocast of a 90 minute panel discussion hosted by KFF, here.  Let me also note, the book brings together many good graphs in one place.